HS-ESS1-4 Evidence Statement

Earth and Space Science: Earth's Place in the Universe - Evidence Statement 4

HS-ESS1-4: Use mathematical or computational representations to predict the motion of orbiting objects in the solar system.

[Clarification Statement: Emphasis is on Newtonian gravitational laws governing orbital motions, which apply to human-made satellites as well as planets and moons.] [Assessment Boundary: Mathematical representations for the gravitational attraction of bodies and Kepler’s Laws of orbital motions should not deal with more than two bodies, nor involve calculus.]


For more specific information, including ways this performance expectation can achieve three-dimensional learning, please see this NGSS Evidence Statement.

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